ABOUT THE BOOK
Fundamentals of Project Planning and Engineering oﬀers comprehensive and practical information to engineering students. It will serve as a database for all those who need to refer to it for a proper understanding of project management concepts. Therefore, this book incorporates the principles of project engineering namely - Need, Vision, and Delivery. This book also covers industrial application and practical problems of detail engineering design. It gives complete and concise information on every topic of the subject, which has so far never been available in consolidated form. The simple language, collective information and case study examples are a unique feature of this book.
This book will be of great help to students where a course on Project, Planning and Engineering is included in the syllabus. All chapters include specific explanations with relevant block and schematic diagrams. The book has made an attempt to cover the industrial standards and practices followed for project execution by a project team, and project management and engineering documents produced by the instrumentation discipline. The chapters have been arranged in chronological order so that one goes from the definition of a project to project implementation and the project planning and engineering life cycle is divided into ten chapters for proper understanding and implementation. This book will be useful to all engineering students, graduate engineers, and practicing engineers. It will help in gaining a proper understanding of project concepts and engineering activities, which will help to expedite the installation and construction phases of any project.
It will also be useful to installation and construction teams for the installation, mechanical completion, pre-commissioning and commissioning activities.
This book will be useful to all engineering students, graduate engineers, and practicing engineers. It will help in gaining a proper understanding of project concepts and engineering activities, which will help to expedite the installation and construction phases of any project. It will also be useful to installation and construction teams for the installation, mechanical completion, pre-commissioning and commissioning activities.
Introduction to Project Planning and Engineering: Introduction to Projects: Project Team, Purpose and Scope of a Project, Project Work Methodology, Project Contracting Types, Characteristics and Categories of a Project, Project Structure. Introduction to Project Planning. Project Management: Definition of Project Management, Management Functions, Project Authority and Responsibility, Role and Responsibilities of a Project Manager, Types of Project Organization. Predictability: Predictability: Definition and Concept, Predictability in a Project, Engineering. Summary. Exercise
Project Planning and Scheduling: Project Life Cycle: Statement of Work (SOW), Project Specifications. Project Planning. Project Scheduling: Work Breakdown Structure, Gantt Chart, Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT), Critical Path Method (CPM), Differentiation between PERT and CPM. Project Network Analysis:Use of Nodes and Arrows, Situations in a Network Diagram, Drawing PERT/CPM Network, PERT/CPM Backward Pass Activity Diagram. Configuration Management: Configuration Identification, Configuration Control, Configuration Audits, Status or Project Reporting. Cost Control: Distinction between Cost Control and Cost Reduction. Summary, Exercises
Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC): Introduction to EPC: Lump Sump Turn Key (LSTK) Contract. EPC and EPCM Structure: EPC Contracting, EPCM Contracting. Types of Projects Carried out by EPC Companies: Petroleum Industry, Power Industry, Infrastructure Industry. Renowned EPC Companies in India. Summary. Exercises
Codes and Standards for Engineering: Introduction to Codes and Standards: What is a Code?, What is a Standard?, Codes and Standards for Engineering. Safety Standards. Codes and Standards for Instrumentation and Control: ANSI/ISA, API, CENELEC Standards, EEMUA Instrumentation and Control, IEC, IEEE, NAMUR, Standards Norway – NORSOK, ISO, NFPA. ISA Instrumentation Codes and Combinations. Hazardous Area Classification: Definitions of Hazardous Area, Concept of Hazardous Area, Classification of Gases, Methods of Classification of Hazardous Areas, Selection of Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas. Comparison of Methods of Protection: Ex-proof (Flame-proof) Protection Concept, Increased Safety Protection Concept, Intrinsically Safe Protection Concept, Non-Sparking (Ex n) or Non-incendive Protection Concept, Pressurization (Ex p) Protection Concept, Power Filled (Ex q) Protection Concept, Oil Immersed (Ex o) Protection Concept, Special (Ex s) Protection Concept. Ingress Protection (IP). NEMA Ratings. Understanding Markings. Certification Process: North American Practices, European Practices. Summary. Exercise
Design and Development – Instrumentation and Control: Basic Engineering: Block Diagram, Process Flow Diagram (PFD), Piping and Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID), Cause and Effect Diagram. Front End Engineering Design (FEED). Detail Engineering: Detail and Design Engineering, Multi-discipline Engineering. Instrumentation and Control Engineering:Introduction to Control Systems. Programmable Logic Controller (PLC): Block Diagram of a PLC, Specifications, Advantages of a PLC, Disadvantages of a PLC, Applications, Analogue Input Devices, Analogue Output Devices, Discrete Input Devices, Discrete Output Devices, Discrete I/O Supply Signal. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) System: System Architecture/Block Diagram, SCADA System Applications. Distributed Control System (DCS): How Do DCS Systems Work?, Features of DCS, DCS Displays, Specifications of DCS, Advantages of DCS System, Applications. Scope of Work/Project Documentation: Design Basis, Instrument Index, Instrument Specification Data Sheets, Input/Output List for Control System, Field Instrument Specification, Instrument Cable Block Diagram. Summary. Exercise
Construction Design Engineering: Instrument Cable Schedule/JB Wiring Diagram: Instrument Cable Schedule, Instrument Junction Boxes and Wiring Schedule. Instrument Hook-ups/Installation Diagram: Pneumatic Hook-up, Process Hook-up, Electrical Hook-up. Installation and Construction: Installation Standards – Instrumentation, Instrument Installation Standards, Installation Standard Engineering, Field Instrument Installation. Plot Plant Layout for Instrument/JB Location: Construction Layouts, Overall Tray/Trench Layouts, Instrumentation Location Layouts and JB Layouts. Loop Diagrams: Reference Drawings, The Purpose of the Instrument Loop Diagram, Physical Drawings. Material Take-Off: Reference, Physical Documents. Grounding Instruments: Types of Grounding, Reasons for Grounding, Types of Instrument Grounding, Guidelines for Instrument Grounding, Common Causes of Poor Grounding. Control Centres and Panels: Control Room Layout, Prime Criteria for Deciding the Layout of the Control Room, Types of Control Centres and Specifications. Summary. Exercise
Control System Engineering: Logic Diagram: Content of Logic Diagram, Logic Diagram Symbols and Examples. Control System Engineering and System Integration: Extent of Supply,Plant Interfaces, System Architecture. Hardware Design Specifications: System Cabinets and Enclosures, Input/Output (I/O) Modules, Operator Interface and Displays. HMI Specifications Development: Development/Mimic Diagram, Graphic Design. Safety Instrumented System (SIS): HAZOP Study, Safety Instrumented System (SIS), Safety Integrity Level (SIL), Reliability Engineering. Inspection and Testing of Control System: Testing, Commissioning, Operation and Maintenance Manual. Summary. Exercise.
Project Procurement Engineering: Introduction. The Procurement Process. Preparation of Tender Documents: What is a Tender Process?, Procedure for Submisssion of Bids, Cost of the Tender. Tender Document: Content of the Tender Document, Clarification of Tender Document, Amendment in the Tender Document. Preparation of Bids. Bid Prices. Qualifications of Tenderer. Bid Security. Period of Validity of Bids. Bid Documents - Formats and Signing of Bids. Awarding the Contract. Vendor Engineering Documentation. Technical Bid Evaluation.Case Study – I: Temperature Transmitter, Case Study – II: Thermocouple with Thermowells. Summary. Exercise.
Quality Control – Design Engineering Check: Quality Control: Administrative Content – Individual Checks, Technical Content – Squad Check, Squad – Check Team, Design Check Summary. Summary. Exercise
Project Implementation: Implementation and Control. Interfaces with Others: Site Selection, Factory Layout, Plant Layout. Construction Schedule and Review: Construction Schedule, Review. Storage. Fittings: Significance of Storage and Fittings. Calibration: Concept of Calibration, Calibration Reports. Project Commissioning Engineering: Mechanical Completion, Documentation for Mechanical Completion, Mechanical Completion Handover, Carry Over Work Register (COWR), Typical Mechanical Completion Activities, Mechanical Completion of Non-operational Systems. Pre-commissioning. Commissioning. Steps for the Commissioning Process. Process Control System Commissioning Procedure. Start–up Phase. Summary. Exercise
Appendices: Codes and Standards. Symbols and Identification. Bibliography
READERSHIP: This book will be useful to all engineering students, graduate engineers, and practicing engineers. It will help in gaining a proper understanding of project concepts and engineering activities, which will help to expedite the installation and construction phases of any project. It will also be useful to installation and construction teams for the installation, mechanical completion, pre-commissioning and commissioning activities.